Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. However, these plants may appear around swamp edges or in openings. Listed below are a few trees and shrubs with some information about these natives. ): red maple (Acer rubrum) and sugar maple (Acer saccharum). Native trees and shrubs also can create backyard habitat for birds, pollinators and other wildlife. Michigan Wetland Plants Category:Food Release time:2013-04-22 Views:130 Michigan's Department of Natural Resources considers wetland areas as those with water-saturated soil or covered by water for a portion of the year. Enander, and K.M. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. How can I make the best decisions when I purchase? Consultation available. Hornbeam or blue beech (Carpinus caroliniana). Photo by Joshua G. Cohen Shrub Wetlands occur throughout Michigan and are characterized by dominance of tall shrubs, which typically contribute greater than 50% of the overall cover. Which trees will withstand the extreme weather conditions we have experienced like droughts, below zero temperatures and heat waves? If you have questions about your soil, you can buy a Michigan State University Extension Soil Test Self-Mailer at www.msusoiltest.com and find out about soil type, pH, organic matter percentage and fertilizer recommendations. COMMON AQUATIC PLANTS OF MICHIGAN. Prune them in the late winter or early spring as needed. 1.6 scrub-shrub 3.4 forested 7.6 emergent 2.5 wet meadow 1.6 scrub-shrub 3.4 forested 0 emergent 0 wet meadow 0 scrub-shrub 0 forested Mr. Mel Belovicz MI Wetlands Development & Construction 41415 Copper Creek Drive Canton, Michigan 48187 734-216-1913 0003 Parma Wetland … How do I choose trees and shrubs that have the best chance of survival? Ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius). Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis). March 20, 2015. Avoid silver maples and boxelders because of weak wood. Lincoln, A.P. SUPPLEMENT TO KEY TO COMMON WETLAND SHRUBS OF WISCONSIN L.A. LEITNER Note: unless otherwise stated, ranges and habitats refer to distribution in Wisconsin Alnus rugosa (Betulaceae) Common names: tag Do some research to find out if what you want to plant will grow in this location. Swamps, conifer swamps in particular, comprise much of the overall loss--about two-thirds of the original 5.5 million acres of conifer swamps In turn, wetland plants have special adaptations that allow them to thrive in the water-saturated soils. This is like insurance against insect pests, diseases or other problems that could come along. It is our objective to … Tamarack (Larix laricina). Michigan's Common Aquatic Plants of Michigan. Michigan Natural Community Classification [web application]. Medium to large tree, not shade-tolerant, relatively fast growing and has an attractive foliage. Hickory (Carya spp.). For more information, visit https://extension.msu.edu. Available https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/communities/classification. We grow trees, shrubs, grasses, wildflowers, and emergent wetland species typical of Michigan woodlands, wetlands and prairies. Black spruce (Picea mariana). Deciduous trees (lose leaves each fall) Maples (Acer spp. In Wisconsin, we have two types: alder thickets and shrub-carr . Some wetlands contain no vegetation, but only organic soil/muck. Using native trees and shrubs can help establish a sense of place and can be low maintenance. Natural processes that influence species composition and community structure include fluctuating water levels, flooding by beaver, and windthrow. Shrub Wetlands occur in kettles and depressions on a variety of landforms, and develop on saturated to inundated organic or mineral soils of variable depth. These plants are also the best ones to withstand the energy from wave action and ice push. Common elderberry (Sambucus canadensis). Having standing water or saturated soil even for short periods of time may change plant selections. Photo credit: Karan A. Rawlins, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org. Small to medium tree, grows well in acidic, moist soils and is very slow growing. Grows in the southern half of Lower Michigan, is slow-growing and has lustrous leaves with bright red autumn foliage. They are rich habitats full of wildflowers in the spring. The tiny edible fruit are eaten by birds. Kentucky coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioicus). Needles are light and feathery. Wetlands Nursery Native wetland plants and seeds Jewel Richardson 3 varieties of shrubs, 25 perennials, P.O. The Michigan Wetland Management District consists of a 14-county area and includes three waterfowl production areas (WPAs): the 160-acre Schlee WPA and the 138-acre Mahan WPA in Jackson County and the 77-acre Kinney WPA in Van Buren County. Mason, MI 48854 Phone: 517 244-1140 Fax: 517 244-1142 Email: Landscape with water quality in mind with Smart Gardening for Shorelands tip sheets. 0.75 C. Wetland is part of a Use the botanical names to conduct an Internet search to find out more on those you would like to invite home. Aquascapes Unlimited’s seed sown local ecotype species add natural wildlife benefits, promote biodiversity, and oftentimes require less maintenance in terms of fertilizers and pesticides. Eastern redcedar trees in the landscape. Non-native Norway maples and Japanese maples can cause or experience problems. Small trees with attractive bark, can handle moist areas and shade-tolerant. Cohen, J.G., M.A. 1.0 B. Wetland is part of a 40-100 acre block as above. Hydric soils have the capacity to hold water on or near the ground surface for at least a portion of the year. Large tree with somewhat heart-shaped leaves, shade-tolerant and moderately slow growing. Consider the “10 percent rule” when selecting trees and shrubs. As people work to install landscaping around their homes, many questions arise. Those that produce berries or nuts provide a source of food and offer shelter. Wildtype Native Plant & Seed, Ltd 900 N. Every Road Mason, Michigan 48854 (517) 244-1140 Email: wildtypeplants@gmail.com www.wildtypeplants.com Wildtype exclusively grows plants native to Michigan, from Michigan genotypes. Buttonbush, alder, willow, and red-osier dogwood are shrub species that often grow in swamps. The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. Only a small part of your landscape would be damaged when an unforeseen problem arises, and diversity makes for a more interesting landscape. Birds feed on small, blueish berries. Michigan native aquatic, shoreline and wetland plants. All trees and shrubs require some care, especially after planting and during a drought. Listed below are a few trees and shrubs with some information about these natives. This information is for educational purposes only. Wetland Indicators Some wetlands, such as swamps and marshes, are obvious to most people. Examples like silky, red-osier, gray and yellow twig do well on moist soils. Marsh is another type of wetland covered periodically by … Hydric soils: Soils that develop under saturated conditions. Shagbark and shellbark produce edible nuts … Small to medium tree, grows well in acidic, moist soils and is very slow growing. Slaughter, D.A. They have been growing in this location for thousands of years and in most cases can survive problems with native insects and diseases. Small to medium in size, slow growing, very hard wood, shade-tolerant and has interesting fruit that look like hops. 1. ): red maple (Acer rubrum) and sugar maple (Acer saccharum). Please note, we sell our plants locally; at the Ann Arbor farmers market, at a handful of local events, … Korroch. Photo credit: Becca MacDonald, Sault College, Bugwood.org. About one-third to one-half of Michigan's wetland acreage has been lost since 1800. Moderately fast growing, large tree, vigorous as an ornamental tree and requires well-drained soils. 2010 Wetland Michigan Mapping Status Wetlands cover about 15 percent of Michigan. Periodic disturbances like flooding, logging, or wildfire keep shrub thickets from becoming forests. We grow trees, shrubs, grasses, wildflowers and wetland plants typical of Michigan woodlands, wetlands and prairies. Medium sized tree, fast growing and moderately long-lived. Swamps are often found in the floodplains of rivers, streams and lakes. The state tree of Michigan with long, soft needles in groups of fives. Many have brightly colored stems and are small in size. The Wetland Status and Trends Tool provides users the ability to compare historic wetland data to current information. Planting native Michigan species supports the state's unique natural habitats, biodiversity, and wildlife. Small to medium sized tree, roots deeply and is wind- and drought-resistant. Hydrology: A supply of water that is at or near the ground surface at least a portion of the growing season. Michigan holly has many seasons, beginning with its delicate white flowers in early summer. Shrub Wetlands occur throughout Michigan and are characterized by dominance of tall shrubs, which typically contribute greater than 50% of the overall cover. Shrub Wetlands occur in kettles and … No plants, other than weeds, can be considered a “just plant it and forget it” kind of purchase. Deciduous Shrubs. From hydrangea bushes to lilac bushes and every evergreen in between, many attractive, fast-growing shrubs provide privacy, hide eyesores, and offer food and shelter for … Photo credit: Rebekah D. Wallace, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org. But it also has some tolerance for dry soil. Needles turn brilliant yellow in the fall and drop. Kost, B.S. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. Black spruce (Picea mariana). Grows in the southern half of Lower Michigan, is slow-growing and has lustrous leaves with bright red autumn foliage. The Michigan Municipal Wetland Alliance (MMWA) encourages long-term sustainability in water quality and biodiverse ecosystems by preserving and restoring wetland habitat on Michigan Department of Natural Resources’ (MDNR) public lands to address wetland impacts from Michigan … Bitternut and pignut hickories produce nuts for wildlife; they are not tasty to people. The peat deposits often float. Classification of these Shrub Wetland types is based on species composition, community structure, soil characteristics, hydrology, geographic distribution, and landscape setting. Oaks are slow growing, large trees. Before purchasing a tree or shrub, assess the location where it will be planted. All the plants we grow are native to Michigan and originate from Michigan collected seed or plants. Many Wetlands Reserve Enhancement Program. Native Plant Nursery Michigan Native Plants Database- you can search the database by a variety of criteria (height, flower color, flowering time, sun or shade, wet or dry, etc...) and view our images and information about the Eastern white pine (Pinus strobis). Wetland Plants of the State of Michigan: The U.S. White to pinkish flowers around June, heavily branched and not shade-tolerant. In the spring, new needles grow. Wetlands are also called marshes and swamps. Read Part 1 - Trees. Types of swamps include bottomland forests on floodplains, conifer swamps, and dense shrub swamps. In addition to buttonbush, other common species in the shrub layer of inundated shrub swamps include willows (i.e., Salix bebbiana and S. discolor), red-osier dogwood (Cornus sericea), silky dogwood (C. amomum), winterberry (Ilex verticillata), black chokeberry (Aronia prunifolia), swamp dewberry (Rubus hispidus), and swamp rose (Rosa palustris). Shrub … It is our objective to propagate nursery stock with enough genetic diversity to create self-sustaining The WRP in Michigan. Shrub Wetlands occur in kettles and depressions on a variety of landforms, and develop on saturated to inundated organic or mineral soils of variable depth. Spicebush (Lindera benzoin). For example, a higher quality of food is provided for local animals by native plants, leading to improved overall health. Albert, J.M. Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana). The Wetlands … Under the right conditions, these shrubs can reach around 6 to 15 feet tall with a 4- to 12-foot spread. Michigan … MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. Swamps differ from marshes in that swamps do not contain large amounts of cattails, sedges, bulrushes, and other non-woody aquatic plants. Photo credit: Rob Routledge, Sault College, Bugwood.org. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. Maples (Acer spp. Highbush cranberry (Viburnum trilobum). Native plants are always the best choice for use in landscapes, restoration projects, storm water projects, and naturalized areas. 2. There are three characteristics that every wetland posesses. Native trees and shrubs are low maintenance and a great addition to the landscape. Look at native trees that are growing successfully near where you will be planting. (Accessed: February 7, 2021). To have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit https://extension.msu.edu/newsletters. Their plant life is woody – trees and shrubs. Following is a description of some of the most commonly occurring aquatic plants in ... Purple loosestrife is an exotic plant frequently found in wetlands… Pin oaks require acidic soil. Oaks (Quercus spp.). Pussy willow is a wetland shrub found growing throughout North America in meadows and swamps and along streams and lakes. Some wetlands contain no vegetation, but only organic soil/muck. National Water Summary-Wetland Resources 231 Michigan Wetland Resources There is no current ( 1993) estimate of statewide wetland acre age in each of the systems. Produces white flowers in June and acidic berries for wildlife. Hickory (Carya spp.). Plants are the answer! Tamarack needles. Moderately fast growing, large tree, vigorous as an ornamental tree and requires well-drained soils. Kortenhoven, C.M. Basswood (Tilia americana). Erect spreading shrub forms a dense crown. Avoid silver maples and boxelders because of weak wood. This is Part 2 in a two-part series on Native Trees and Shrubs for the Michigan Landscape. WILDTYPE Design, Native Plants & Seed, LTD Bill Schneider 900 North Every Rd. Wetland Shrubs For several years, the wetland shrub key below (or earlier versions thereof) has been part of wetland plant identification training courses involving SEWRPC, where there was a need to provide a concise, workable aid to facilitate identifying shrubs typically found in wetlands. Depending on its type, a wetland may be filled mostly with trees, grasses, shrubs, or moss. There is more to having success with woody landscape plants than just choosing something that you like. Trees and shrubs that are grouped in an area also provide winter habitat, especially for birds. The length of saturation of the soil will determine which plants and trees will grow best. Native trees and shrubs have an advantage when it comes to climate and growing conditions. Three natural community types fall within the Shrub Wetland group including inundated shrub swamp, northern shrub thicket, and southern shrub-carr. This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. Native Wetland Plants Native plants are always the best choice for use in landscapes, restoration projects, storm water projects, and naturalized areas. They provide many benefits, including flood and erosion attenuation, water-quality maintenance, recreation, and wildlife habitat. https://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/communities/classification, About the Natural Community Classification. some shrubs. Wetlands are vital to keeping our environment healthy. These are all made in America with pride. Grows in moist soils and produces purplish-black drupes that are excellent wildlife food. They are usually found in glacial depressions, with restricted drainage. Wetland Plant Categories Wetland Plants having Pink, Purple, or Blue Flowers Sedges and Rushes Wetland Plants having White Flowers Shrubs and Trees Wetland Plants having Yellow Flowers Ferns and Allies Orange or Red Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. It might surprise you that various oaks, maples and dogwoods are planted as wetland trees and shrubs. Planting native trees and shrubs in home landscapes is rapidly increasing in popularity. Shrub Wetlands occur throughout Michigan and are characterized by dominance of tall shrubs, which typically contribute greater than 50% of the overall cover. Tired of seeing your neighbor taking out the garbage in his pajamas? Home / Seed Species & Pricing / Wetland Species If you have a drainage area, stormwater runoff, or would like to install a rain garden, the species listed below are adapted to wet, moist conditions and deep roots will filtrate water in the soil. Wetland Communities include: Bogs are the result of ponds filling up with dead plant matter – peat. Blackgum or Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica). Three regional plant lists for Michigan To make our information about native plants more specific, we’ve split Michigan into three large units that include southern Lower Michigan, northern Lower Michigan, and the Upper Peninsula.. Many terrestrial and aquatic organisms call wetlands home, including rare, threatened, and endangered species. This deciduous conifer appreciates moist soils and can grow in wetland areas. Factors to investigate include the amount of full, uninterrupted sun the area receives; whether the soil is sand, loam or clay; and how well the soil drains. Shrub thickets are wetlands dominated by shrubs and small trees less than twenty feet tall. 2 . Wilton, H.D. Holly, Michigan (Ilex verticillata) This handsome, medium-to-large shrub grows in sunny or partly shaded locations of wet shrublands and wet forests. Textured bark of shagbark hickory. Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana). Wetlands in the Michigan Wetland Management District provide excellent habitat for raising duck broods. State tree of Michigan with long, soft needles in groups of fives. To contact an expert in your area, visit https://extension.msu.edu/experts, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). Large aromatic shrub native to the southern half of the Lower Peninsula that grows best when moderately shaded. If you don’t have years to wait around, no worries. Funding Applications for Wetlands Habitat Improvement Accepted until Feb. 10, 2012. Don’t want to stare at that ugly block wall next door? 3. Gretchen Voyle, Michigan State University Extension - This is just a brief look at a few native trees and shrubs. The first consideration is selecting wetland plants … A. Wetland is part of a larger block (>100 acres) of contiguous upland or wetland forest which is non-fragmented and has few non-natural breaks. Michigan Natural Features Inventory, Michigan State University Extension, Lansing, Michigan. Foliage turns bronze in winter. Not all native plants are resistant to disease or pest problems, especially if they are grown in the wrong location or do not receive adequate moisture. Common elderberry fruit. Red oak, bur oak and swamp white oak will grow in poorly drained areas. This can be seen with Dutch elm disease, oak wilt and emerald ash borer in recent history. Jeffrey W. Dwyer, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. Has early, dense clusters of yellow flowers. Wetland restoration involves returning one or more of these three characteristi… Wetlands help filter unwanted chemicals and fertilizer runoffs from agricultural fields and … Swamps include a broad range of wetlands that have standing or slowly moving water and are dominated by trees or shrubs. Eventually shrubs and trees, . Aquascapes Unlimited’s seed sown local … Our Mission. Other considerations are the depth of water and amount of sunlight the wetland receives on a daily basis. Blackgum or Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica). However, the Michigan Department of sult is the Wetlands are a vital part of Michigan’s natural resources. Shrub dogwoods (Cornus spp.). Its small, yellow-white fragrant flowers attract bees. Native Wetland Plants. Wetlands … Fish and Wildlife Service, as part of the National Wetlands Inventory Program, has compiled a wetland plant list for Michigan… News Release for 2012 WREP Program. Put in no more than 10 percent of any one kind of tree or shrub into your landscape. 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