Notably in the Ptolemaic Kingdom, it was reported as the lowest aulic rank, under Philos, during the reign of Ptolemy V Epiphanes. Following Ptolemy’s successes in the Wars of the Diadochi, Seleucus, then a senior officer in the Macedonian Royal Army, received Babylonia. Check our encyclopedia for a gloss on thousands of topics from biographies to the table of elements. Although the regent Antipater was able to suppress a rebellion staged by Agis II of Sparta, he was unable to prevent Alexander’s mother, Olympias, from constantly complaining to his son about the regent’s supposed abuse of power. It included parts of the present day Balkans, Anatolia, the Levant, Egypt, Babylonia, and most of the former Achaemenid Empire, except for some lands the Achaemenids formerly held in Central Asia. They were typically from the nobility, many related to Alexander. Egypt was finally annexed to Rome in 30 BCE.  In an 1843 work, "History of the Epigoni" (Geschichte der Epigonen) he details the kingdoms of the Epigoni, 280-239 BCE. The New Latin terminology was introduced by the historians of universal Greek history of the 19th century. They expected appointments, but without Alexander they would have to make their own. They created an ongoing expectation among the Hetairoi of receiving an important and powerful command, if only for a short term. The Wars of the Diadochi mark the beginning of the Hellenistic period from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indus River Valley. Their comprehensive histories of ancient Greece typically covering from prehistory to the Roman Empire ran into many volumes. A compromise was arranged – Arrhidaeus (as Philip III) should become King, and should rule jointly with Roxana's child, assuming that it was a boy (as it was, becoming Alexander IV). Some 40 years of internecine conflict followed his death, as leading generals and members of Alexander’s family vied to control different parts of the vast empire he had built. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. Kincaid, C A.Successors of Alexander the Great. Philip is said to have wept for joy when Alexander performed a feat of which no one else was capable, taming the wild horse, Bucephalus, at his first attempt in front of a skeptical audience including the king. Despite his absence, the generals gathered at Babylon confirmed Craterus as Guardian of the Royal Family. Doherty, Paul C. The death of Alexander the Great : what–or who–really killed the young conqueror of the known world?. Passing over his own son, Cassander, Antipater had declared Polyperchon his successor as Regent. The prefix dia- changes the meaning slightly to add a social expectation to the received. For a time, this brought an end to any resistance to Macedonian domination. Alexander tried to establish Greek customs and culture into the empire he took over from Persia. He had named no clear successor and the Macedonians quickly began to argue over the fate of the empire. Alexander earned the epithet "the Great" due to his unparalleled success as a military commander. The league elected Philip as its leader in an invasion of the Persian empire. The Unitarians, like Perdiccas himself, Antigonus and his son Demetrius, tried to preserve … A well-timed invasion would have given Alexander's successor an enormous advantage, and, if successful, could have prevented the Roman Empire from forming, said Kenneth Sacks, professor of … In 310 BCE Cassander secretly murdered Alexander IV and Roxana.  When Philip was on campaign Alexander would lament at the report of each victory that his father would leave him nothing of note to do. The problem here was that none of Alexander’s successors was actually related to Alexander. Rising to his feet Alexander shouted, using the royal "we," "Do we seem like bastards (nothoi) to you, evil-minded man?" M. M. Austin localizes what he considers to be a problem with Grote's view. The Epigoni he defined as "Sons of the Diadochi" (Diadochensöhne).  The 2010 symposium, entitled "The Time of the Diadochi (323-281 BCE)," held at the University of A Coruña, Spain, represents the current concepts and investigations. There was constant trouble with the Greek city-states; many of them regained independence, but Antigonus III (reigned 229–221 BC), another strong king, reestablished Macedonian hegemony. Infoplease is a reference and learning site, combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas and several almanacs loaded with facts. They had armies largely Macedonian and Greek in personnel, and most of them founded cities with colonies of their soldiers. Soon, however, conflict broke out. When Alexander the Great died on June 10, 323 BCE, he left behind a huge empire which comprised many essentially independent territories. Macedonia’s victory over the Greek city states at the battle of Chaeronea (338 BCE) made Philip, king of Macedonia, the most powerful figure in Greece. Almost immediately, however, there was struggle for the hold over Greece and even over Macedon itself. Perdiccas' marriage to Alexander's sister Cleopatra led Antipater, Craterus, Antigonus, and Ptolemy to join together in rebellion. An army on campaign changes its leadership at any level frequently for replacement of casualties and distribution of talent to the current operations. There were no fixed ranks of Hetairoi except as the term meant a special unit of cavalry. Thus began the remarkable spread of the Hellenistic (Greek, rather than Macedonian) civilization. Soon, however, Perdiccas had Meleager and the other infantry leaders murdered, and assumed full control. 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