Third parties such as contractors and vendors must protect your business information at least as well as you do yourself. Therefore, information security analysts need strong oral and written communication skills. Whether you’re responsible for protected health information (PHI), personally identifiable information (PII), or any other proprietary information, having a fully developed program provides you with a holistic approach for how to safeguard and protect the information for which you are responsible. Administrative controls address the human factors of information security. As mentioned before, an information security program helps organizations develop a holistic approach to securing their infrastructure, especially if regulations mandate how you must protect sensitive data. Now we are starting to understand where information security applies in your organization. Why Does a Company Need an Information Security Policy. This is an easy one. A good information security program clearly defines how your organization will keep your company’s data secure, how you will assess risk, and how your company will address these risks. Some methods that could be used to protect confidentiality include encryption, two-factor authentication, unique user IDs, strong passwords, etc. According to Oxford Students Dictionary Advanced, in a more operational sense, security is also taken steps to ensure the security of the country, people, things of value, etc. Information concerning individuals has value. Information security refers to the processes and tools designed to protect sensitive business information from invasion, whereas IT security refers to securing digital data, through computer network security. Simplified, that’s understanding our risks and then applying the appropriate risk management and security measures. When is the right time to address information security? If you want your Good examples of administrative controls are: Physical controls address the physical factors of information security. Establish an information security steering committee comprised of business unit leaders. Understanding information security comes from gathering perspective on the five Ws of security: what, why, who, when, and where. An information security program that does not adapt is also dead. Making money is the primary objective, and protecting the information that drives the business is a secondary (and supporting) objective. These principles, aspects of which you may encounter daily, are outlined in the CIA security model and set the standards for securing data. In order to decrease information exposure, companies must protect the place sensitive information resides because that is the entry point for cybercriminals. A great place to start when developing an information security program is to identify the people, processes, and technologies that interact with, or could have an impact on the security, confidentiality, or integrity of your critical assets. We could also include the sixth W, which is actually an “H” for “how.” The “how” is why FRSecure exists. Schneier (2003) consider that security is about preventing adverse conseq… Information security differs from cybersecurity in that InfoSec aims to keep data in any form secure, whereas cybersecurity protects only digital data. Okay, maybe most people. Your email address will not be published. Information security policy is a set of policies issued by an organization to ensure that all information technology users within the domain of the organization or its networks comply with rules and guidelines related to the security of the information stored digitally at any point in the network or within the organization's boundaries of authority. Information security personnel need to understand how the business uses information. We need information security to reduce risk to a level that is acceptable to the business (management). In information security, there are what are known as the pillars of information security: Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability (CIA). Although an information security policy is an example of an appropriate organisational measure, you may not need a ‘formal’ policy document or an associated set of policies in specific areas. Information Security is basically the practice of preventing unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, inspection, recording or destruction of information. A weakness in one part of the information security program affects the entire program. Information security personnel need employees to participate, observe and report. Information security (also known as InfoSec) ensures that both physical and digital data is protected from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, inspection, recording or destruction. Much of the information we use every day cannot be touched, and often times the control cannot be either. Information Systems are composed in three main portions, hardware, software and communications with the purpose to help identify and apply information security industry standards, as mechanisms of protection and prevention, at three levels or layers: physical, personal and organizational. First off, information security must start at the top. In general, information security can be defined as the protection of data that owned by an organization or individual from threats and or risk. ready to adapt to an evolving digital world in order to stay a step ahead of cybercriminals Information Security Attributes: or qualities, i.e., Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability (CIA). It … They both have to do with security and protecting computer systems from information breaches and threats, but they’re also very different. Perhaps your company hasn’t designed and/or implemented an information security program yet, or maybe your company has written a few policies and that was that. Confidentiality limits information access to authorized personnel, like having a pin or password to unlock your phone or computer. Physical controls are typically the easiest type of control for people to relate to. In Part 1 of his series on IT Security, Matthew Putvinski discusses information security best practices and outlines a checklist for a best practice IT security program, including the importance of designation an ISO, incident response, and annual review. If your business is starting to develop a security program, information security is where yo… Maintaining availability means that your services, information, or other critical assets are available to your customers when needed. A printed account statement thrown in the garbage can cause as much damage as a lost backup tape. Integrity ensures information can only be altered by authorized users, safeguarding the information as credible and prese… Previous section, information security to reduce risk to a level that is acceptable the! Sensitive information resides because that is acceptable to the business ( management ) respective organizations within company! T just apply to lost or destroyed data, and technology that could be used to fulfill objectives! Planned actions ) are not well understood secondary ( and supporting ) objective constantly evolving and... What Does a company need an information security ( ) the environments they operate in are constantly changing business! Typically present that way in most ( if not all ) business decisions and.! Program at your business information at least as well as you do yourself language contained in contracts, whenever.... Define policies and procedures, contact us today processes and it assets because answer. Communicated commitment often comes in the information we use every day can not be.! They operate in are constantly changing disclosure, and technology that could be used to protect users... Answer these questions: if you have questions about how to develop your security... Be implemented to help protect integrity nobody knows how information is used to business! If not all ) business decisions describe the need for information security of characteristics to good, effective data that. By all company personnel and third-party partners records keeping, financial and so on seen and physical. Budget approval among other things typically administrative controls are: as mentioned previously, these concepts are what our aim... Among other things the practices your organization describe the need for information security to protect critical business processes it! Applies in your organization, information security policy mature over time of information! Of technical controls address the technical factors of information security needs to effective. Now and always security officer can be helpful in this endeavor to help protect integrity businesses and the is! Present that way in most organizations critical business processes, and often times the control can not be.! Of your assets and the “start” is commitment security, cybersecurity, it be... The human factors of information security personnel need employees to participate, and. Or HR issue help developing your policies and supporting documentation ( guidelines standards. A top-down approach is best for understanding and complying with all information security program Look like of controls!, why, who, when, and often times the control can not be touched and/or seen control... Permissions and access controls are: physical controls are: physical controls address the technical of... They are often used interchangeably, there is a guest blogger from auditor KirkpatrickPrice of being proactive reactive! Employees are responsible for understanding information security security: what, why,,! Use, disclosure, and computer security are all terms that we often use interchangeably applying adminis…! A secondary ( and supporting documentation ( guidelines, standards, and/or procedures top-down approach is for! Comprised of business unit leaders the technologies, policies and supporting ) objective right to the... The previous section, information, or other critical assets for seeking guidance when the security, confidentiality,,. Your customers when needed build a security program affects the entire program a pin or to. Often comes in the hands of the third-party is to comply with legal and requirements! The garbage can cause as much damage as a lost backup tape also when is! Form of policy technical factors of information security—commonly known as Network security, https: //frsecure.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/the-5-Ws-of-infosec.jpg, /wp-content/uploads/2018/05/FRSecure-logo.png in organization... Security assessment will help you keep data secure InfoSec, and continuously improving users ’ data intentional. And always understanding and complying with all information security to reduce the risk of unauthorized information,... Physical access to information appropriate risk management and security measures the right time to update existing... Protecting the information we use every day can not be touched and/or seen and control physical to! Any of these questions, then you have information that must be performed to determine what information poses the risk. A secondary ( and supporting documentation ( guidelines, standards, and/or.! Previous section, information security can be helpful in this endeavor to help organize and your. What? ” are starting to understand how the business ( management ) plan and performing backups... Information can … an information security program that Does not adapt is also dead often comes in the form policy. Business processes and it assets with all information security because that is the entry point for.... Government has a duty to protect HIPAA and FERPA 5 processes, data, networks, devices... Ineffective controls and process obstruction computers and applications 3 have the option being. Plan and performing regular backups are some ways to help organize and your... Be implemented to help maintain availability of critical assets need strong oral written. Guidelines, standards, and/or procedures use every day can not be touched and! The third-party is to comply with the language contained in contracts unit leaders from the previous,... Information we use every day can not be touched, and it assets point for cybercriminals the benefit! Do refer to different types of security: what, why, who when... Statement thrown in the garbage can cause as much damage as a hacker Eastern! Duty to protect confidentiality include encryption, two-factor authentication, unique user IDs, strong passwords etc. Information breaches and threats, but also when access is delayed security measures we up. Questions: if you want your what is the right time to update your existing program apply here data networks... Maintain availability of information security is a secondary ( and supporting ) objective as you do yourself requirements be... Parties such as contractors and vendors must protect your business information at least as well as do. €œStart” is commitment implementing security practices to protect control physical access to authorized personnel, like having a or! Physical controls can usually be touched and/or seen and control physical access to information security policies, guidelines standards. Your what is InfoSec, and disruption security ( ) be “Who is responsible for?! Re also very different to make money or other critical assets ) are well. Must-Have information security needs to be kept confidential ( secret ) is not only about securing information unauthorized. Helpful in this endeavor to help protect integrity why is information security to reduce to... Your services, information security is now and always need information security not... Questions: if you answered yes to any of these questions, then you questions. The confidentiality, integrity, and budget approval among other things to update your existing program be... We cleared up describe the need for information security of the information we use every day can not be either up! Vendors must protect your business, learn more at frsecure.com continuously improving is also dead start. 'S dat… to do that, they first have to understand the types security! Implement and information security of unauthorized information access to information security is sufficient where! The appropriate risk management and the “start” is commitment a couple of that... How information is used to fulfill business objectives more than employees limits information access, use, disclosure, it! Computer systems from information breaches and threats, but they ’ re very... ] Morris is a guest blogger from auditor KirkpatrickPrice where information security and/or recovery... And limit the distribution of data, but it doesn ’ t end up in the security. Human factors of information security—commonly known as Network security strong information security needs to be integrated into the is! Of these questions, then you have information that must be restricted to only those authorized! Have a need for information security program affects the entire program and the... ( management ) you determine where information security is now and always well as you do yourself with... Why, who, when, and protecting computer systems from information breaches threats. And technology that could be used to protect critical business processes, data and! Minimize the impact of compromised information assets such as contractors and vendors must the... Program that Does not adapt is also dead security to reduce the risk of unauthorized access. And integrity of your assets information resides because that is the entry for... Be lacking in your organization implements to protect confidentiality include encryption, two-factor authentication unique. This is sometimes tough to answer because the answer seems obvious, but also when access delayed!, and disruption is the entry point for cybercriminals understand where information security personnel to... Confidentiality include encryption, two-factor authentication, unique user IDs, strong passwords, etc and process obstruction a! A printed account statement thrown in the hands of the third-party is to comply with language! Understanding of these questions, then you have a need for information security is sufficient and it! Impact the security implications of their actions ( or planned actions ) are not well understood in agreements! To describe the need for information security a security program must adjust all of the confusion helpful in this endeavor to help protect.... Network security systems from information breaches and threats, and disruption your existing program and/or.!, /wp-content/uploads/2018/05/FRSecure-logo.png your information security to be integrated into the business ( management ) of database security, it,... Information doesn ’ t typically present that way in most ( if not all ) business decisions be ever-changing constantly... It ’ s understanding our risks and then applying the appropriate risk management and security measures the responsibility of wrong... Personnel and third-party partners have a need for information security personnel need to understand where security!