Other Facts About the Mormon Trail --The trail was about 1,300 miles, roughly half the distance of the Oregon Trail --When the Morman Trail followed the same path as the Oregon Trail, the Mormons travelled on the north side of the Platte River, while those on the Oregon trail stayed on the south side, in order to avoid competition for food and supplies [5] To try to meet this deadline and to get an early start on the trek to the Great Basin, the Latter-day Saints began leaving Nauvoo in February 1846.[6]. MORMON TRAILMORMON TRAIL. The initial party reached the Missouri River on June 14. However, the fourth and fifth companies, known as the Willie and Martin Companies, respectively, had serious problems. 8. The Mormon Trail generally followed the north side of the Platte River approximately 425 miles to Fort Laramie, where the pioneers crossed the river and joined the Oregon Trail. The trail covers 1,300 miles from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City, Utah. The first Mormon Trail pioneers included 143 men, three women, two young boys, 72 wagons, 93 horses, 66 oxen, 52 mules, 19 cows, 17 dogs, and a number of chickens. Match. Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints do not drink tea, coffee, alcohol, or smoke tobacco, or take illegal drugs. The company pushed on through South Pass, rafted across the Green River, and arrived at Fort Bridger on July 7. Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) exodus to the west. Spell. Mormons settled there after traveling west. The Mormons traversing this trail route generally used wagons as a means to transport their essential goods and other needs. May 24, 2018 - Explore Ray's board "Mormon Trail" on Pinterest. If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source. Young and several other members of the party suffered from a fever, generally accepted as a "mountain fever" induced by wood ticks. Learn about the Mormon Trail at the California Trail Interpretive Center. The Mormon Trail Facts. But not every detail of the pioneers' trek west is widely known. [2], By 1849, many of the Latter-day Saints who remained in Iowa or Missouri were poor and unable to afford the costs of the wagon, teams of oxen, and supplies that would be required for the trip. On July 27, Amasa M. Lyman, Sam Brannan, Rodney Badger, and Roswell Stevens arrived into the valley on horseback and probably made their own trail to the camp on City Creek. In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. All along the Mormon trail, and during the years that the pioneers traversed this great trek west, hundreds of Saints of all ages, especially the young and elderly, died from hunger, cold, sickness, disease, and exhaustion. At this point, the now larger company took the established Oregon Trail toward the trading post at Fort Bridger. In 1978 the U.S. National Park Service designated the route a … The following are major points along the trail at which the early Mormon pioneers stopped, established temporary camps, or used as landmarks and meeting places. Indeed, 81% of Mormons say being a good parent is one of the most important things in life. Pioneer Pathways to Zion, 1846–1890. Under the leadership of Joseph Smith, Latter Day Saints established several communities throughout the United States between 1830 and 1844, most notably in Kirtland, Ohio; Independence, Missouri; and Nauvoo, Illinois. Between 1846 and 1869, some 70,000 Mormons traveled west on the trail. Meanwhile, along the California Trail and Oregon Trail, Mormon travelers could cover around 15 miles per day. [14], In 1856, the church inaugurated a system of handcart companies in order to enable poor European emigrants to make the trek more cheaply. So with some help from The Mormon Book of Lists, we're providing you with this collection of little-known facts about the early Saints in hopes that you'll take some time to remember, celebrate, and thank God for the courageous men and women who came before us. The total length of the Oregon Trail was over 2,000 miles. All 16 of Jack Whittier’s great-grandparents passed by Chimney Rock and Scotts Bluff, as they crossed through the North Platte Valley on the Mormon Trail. The migration of families 6. The Book of Mormon also tells the reader that after Jesus’ resurrection, he visited America, and other lands to talk to God’s children. The California Trail was known to have had over 250,000 travelers over it, most of them prospectors in the Gold Rush Era. Young reviewed information on the Great Salt Lake Valley and the Great Basin, consulted with mountain men and trappers, and met with Father Pierre-Jean De Smet, a Jesuit missionary familiar with the region. The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. In 1857, a violent uprising by the Mormons also took place, known as the Mountain Meadows Massacre. Not being affected by fads or trends. [2], Scouts Erastus Snow and Orson Pratt entered the Salt Lake Valley on July 21. • The trail crosses parts of five states: Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming and Utah. Santa Fe Trail Worksheets. Eventually known as the first pioneers of the Mormon Trail, these travelers managed to reach the Garden Grove by April 24, 1846. They were seen as a faster, easier, and cheaper way to bring European converts to Salt Lake City. The central thrust of the book is to lay bare the humanity of the original pioneers, their … On July 23, Pratt offered a prayer dedicating the land to the Lord. Source for information on Mormon Trail: Dictionary of American History dictionary. Like the other westward-bound emigrants, the Mormons settlers were hoping for a better life, and more importantly to them, religious freedom. Therefore, an irrigation system was designed and the land was flooded before plowing, and the resulting system provided supplemental moisture during the year. Under the leadership of Brigham Young, the first group of Mormons set out from Nauvoo, to an undetermined destination somewhere in the Great Basin. This is due to Section 89 of the Doctrine and Covenants, often referred to as the “Word of Wisdom”. The Mormon Trail was the route that the Mormons took to their new home in the West in the mid-1800s. The sites are categorized by their location in respect to modern-day US states. After Mormon leader Joseph Smith was murdered by a mob in 1844, church members realized that their settlement at Nauvoo was becoming increasingly untenable. 6. Gravity. Write. Today the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. See more ideas about Mormon pioneers, Mormon, Mormon trail. Brigham Young. Seventy thousand Mormons traveled over the trail during this period. The use of the Oregon-Mormon trail by the Mormons lasted from 1847 to 1869. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Mormon Trail across 20 in-depth pages. A Brief History. The Mormon Trail is now considered a national historic trail by the US National Park Service. The trip would take anywhere from 4 to 7 months for a pioneer family to complete and preparing for the trip took over a year. PLAY. I will not regret getting that tattoo/piercing/parachute pants. Salt Lake City was laid out and designated as Church headquarters. Death and Hardship on the Mormon Trail . Furthermore, the Mormon migration included entire families and clans in large areas. Not ready to purchase a subscription? The trail passes through the states of Utah, Nebraska, Illinois, and Wyoming. "[2][11], In August 1847, Young and selected members of the vanguard company returned to Winter Quarters to organize the companies scheduled for following years. • The first wagons left Nauvoo and crossed the Mississippi River on Feb. 4, 1846. It did not take long, however, until the United States caught up with them, and in 1848, after the end of the war with Mexico, the land in which they settled became part of the United States. Today, the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, known as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. On April 5, the wagon train moved west from Winter Quarters toward the Great Basin. Write. Explore the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail across five states to see the 1,300-mile route traveled by Mormons who fled Nauvoo, Illinois, to … isabellatylka. 2. An American Exodus. Handcarts, two-wheeled carts that were pulled by emigrants instead of draft animals, were sometimes used as an alternate means of transportation from 1856 to 1860. The grueling Oregon Trail journey … The Mormon Trail is the trail that was traveled by nearly 70,000 members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (or Mormon Church) between the years of 1846 and 1869. History Mormon Trail. Ground was broken, irrigation ditches were dug, and the first fields of potatoes and turnips were planted. Spell. Built with all over the world Copyright © 1999–2020This site uses cookies to improve your experience. This journey for the Mormon immigrants began in 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah. The earlier groups used covered wagons pulled by oxen to carry their supplies across the country. They took a well-beaten trail westward, through what is now Iowa, crossing the Missouri River into Nebraska Territory by permission of the Omaha Indians. On July 26, nine men were chosen to accompany Brigham Young and explore such places as the warm springs (present-day location of Wasatch Plunge) and Ensign Peak. Travelers at the time were watchful of the Mormons, just as they were of the Indians. Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. In November 1978, Congress established the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail as part of the National Trails System, which commemorates the 1846-47 journey of the Mormon people from Nauvoo, Illinois to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake. This is due to its varied terrain, plus most travelers were already tired and exhausted by this time from carrying their wagons while walking. Latter-day Saints were finally forced to abandon Nauvoo in 1846. Learn. In fact, in 1844, Mormon leader Joseph Smith was killed by a mob, which caused fear to other church members, who soon realized that their settlement in Nauvoo, Illinois, was no longer safe for them. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards. Mormon Trail History. In 1843, Oregon Trail diarist John Boardman was probably the first to make reference Church Butte near present Granger, Wyo., calling it “Solomon’s Temple.” In the 1850s, most emigrants referred to the landmark as Church Butte, because of its shape and perhaps because Mormon companies held religious services there on their way to the Salt Lake Valley. He led the Mormons to Utah in 1846-1847. At Fort Bridger, the Mormon Trail diverged from the Oregon and California Trail. 7. However, the actual trip across Iowa was slowed by rain, mud, swollen rivers, and poor preparation, and it required 16 weeks – nearly three times longer than planned. The second half of the journey took the Saints through the area that later became Nebraska and Wyoming, before finishing their journey in the Salt Lake Valley in present-day Utah. The land ownership along the Mormon Trail is made up of private land (822 miles or 64%), land under federal management (264 miles or 20%), and land under state and local ownership (214 miles or 16%). … [16], All but two of the handcart companies successfully completed the rugged journey, with relatively few problems and only a few deaths. These are ready-to-use The Mormon Trail worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Mormon Trail which refers to the route taken by the members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (more commonly known as Mormons) from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what is now known as the state of Utah. Mormon Trail Facts: Mormon Handcart Family. However, many church members from the eastern states and from Europe continued to emigrate to Utah, often assisted by the Perpetual Emigration Fund. 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Oregon Trail - Oregon Trail - Missionaries, Mormons, and others: The first missionary group to the West left Independence in 1834. Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. The Mormons turned south and west toward the Wasatch Mountain Range. Home Facts Privacy About Blog Contact Terms. In large part, the Mormon migration involved entire families. Sign Up. It played a big part in terms of Mormon migration. The Utah route, meanwhile, shuttled roughly 70,000 Mormon pilgrims to the lands surrounding Salt Lake City. This download is exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members!To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download! Mormon Trail, in U.S. history, the route taken by Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what would become the state of Utah. These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. The trail crossed parts of five states: Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Utah. Was the second leader of the mormons. Furthermore, few people carried adequate provisions for the trip. Due to religious tension, thousands of Mormons traversed this trail network beginning in February and March 1846. Seventy thousand Mormons traveled over the trail during this period. 6-10 Oregon Trail Facts. Entitled “A Tragedy of Winter Quarters,” the sculpture was created by Avard T. Fairbanks as part of a memorial to the hundreds of Mormon pioneers who died at the site during the winters of 1846-47. It greatly contributed to the westward expansion and played a large role in forming the western United States. The main area of Mormons in the United States. From 1846 to 1869, around 70,000 Mormon people traveled westward along the trail due to religious tension. Carried out by these mountain travelers under the command of general Albert Sidney to! 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