These consist of a gerund and the words that modify and complement it. A gerund phrase is a phrase that consists of a gerund, its object, and any modifiers. What is essential is to maintain a healthy diet. Reading rocks! I love listening. Gerunds are tough -- really tough. Learn about gerund phrases, and how to use gerunds in a sentence. The gerund as the subject. Yang dimaksud dengan gerund sebagai subject complement adalah gerund yang dipadankan dengan bentuk to be seperti is, am, are, dengan kata lain gerund sebagai subject complement lazim ditemukan … (gerund phrase as a direct object) I got this bruise from fencing with my instructor. Reading rocks! I love listening to my favorite band. The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be'. My dog's most annoying habit is hogging the middle of the bed. 5 Do you enjoy cooking? one more thing. Like below sentence Would you mind me carrying this bag? Gerunds and gerund phrases can act as direct objects when (Rolf Kreyer, Introduction to English Syntax. I call that (good playing). This lesson will tackle gerunds, gerund phrases, and how they are used. The verbs that follows should still be singular! A gerund is a verb ending in -ing, but it doesn't behave like a verb. *( Complement is a word, clause, or a phrase that is required to complete the meaning of a sentence. as indirect object 61. Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: 2 She hates staying out at night. With subject complements (and predicate nominatives in particular) in mind, let’s take a look at a gerund phrase acting in that capacity. His favorite hobby is cooking. Participles A participle is a verbal that is used as an adjective and most often ends in-ing or-ed. Gerund phrases begin with a gerund. So I think 'being ' as gerund. I love listening. It also shows you how to dissect a gerund phrase into its components. . 2. THE GERUND AND THE GERUND PHRASE (p.82) . Sarah enjoyed singing three songs. ... A gerund phrase is a group of words beginning with a gerund and including any modifiers to that gerund. The Gerund a summary. Infinitive phrases only require a comma when the infinitive phrase is used as an adverbial phrase and introduces the main clause. A gerund phrase is a gerund with a direct object. Gerunds and gerund phrases are a part of commercial speech, which means you’re likely to find them in many literary works as well. A Gerund Phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund, modifier(s) and/or noun(s), pronoun(s) or noun phrase(s) which function as the direct object(s), indirect object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state expressed in the gerund. Joe gave weightlifting credit for his physique. Hogging the middle of the bed = gerund phrase, the subject complement of the linking verb is. 3 Fishing is my hobby. Phrases These consist of a gerund and the words that modify and complement it. 64. (gerund phrase as the object of a preposition) Hint: If you're not sure if a word or phrase is a gerund… the gerund is cooking and it acts as a subject complement (or … "In those cases in which the complements are noun phrases, the subject complement shows concord with the subject S, and the object complement is in concord with the direct object, as can be best seen in the examples (16c) and (16h)." The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). I don't know whether to include the 'My not' into the gerund phrase... because don't some gerund phrases have pronouns? A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase.Like nouns, gerunds and gerund phrases can function as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence.Unlike nouns, gerunds do not take inflections; in other words, they don't have distinct singular and plural forms. Gerund subjects take a singular verb. Is the Gerund in the following sentences used as a subject, object or as a complement? 3. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). Complements will be explained in detail in a separate post) My not answering her question quickly enough made it look as if I had not studied the material. as objective complement 63. Gerund Examples: Singing at the concert excited Sarah. There are two complement types used with linking verbs and five complement types with action verbs (counting the option of having no complement as one of the possibilities). Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Daniel quit smoking a year ago. A gerund clause can be a subject complement after "be": * The hardest thing about learning English is understan- ding the gerund. Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. what is the gerund phrase, and its noun use? Therefore a gerund can be a subject, object, complement,* or object of a preposition. Unlike gerund phrases, infinitive phrases can be used as adjectives to modify a noun. (gerund phrase as the complement of a preposition) Using gerunds of the appropriate auxiliary verbs, one can form gerund clauses that express perfect aspect and passive voice: Being deceived can make someone feel angry. Verb phrases are defined as phrases formed by a verb plus any modifiers, … They can be hard to master, and new English speakers often wonder why they have to use one in a given situation. In such a case, the infinitive phrase will follow the now ... complement in a sentence. Together they function as a noun, which can be a subject, direct object, indirect object, object of a preposition, or subject complement … Exercising keeps you healthy. Gerunds can either stand alone, or they can take a noun (the object of the gerund) and/or modifier(s) to form a gerund phrase. 1 Sailing is great fun. (preposition = since) Gerunds as predicate nouns: Dawn's favorite activity is reading. Cooking costs less than eating out. When you master how a gerund is used in a sentence, it will become easier for you to differentiate it from the present participle form of a verb. Read on yo learn more about gerund phrases! (preposition = in) Since completing his degree, his opportunities are endless. Because a gerund is a noun, it can be a subject complement. A gerund, which functions as a noun, can consist of a single word or a phrase. (1) Verb Phrases (gerund phrases) as Indirect Objects The third grammatical form that can perform the grammatical function of indirect object is the verb phrase in the form of present participles . Gerund: Phrase: Running is my favorite activity. Running marathons is my favorite activity. Gerund phrases as objects of prepositions: Her joy in preparing for company was obvious. Reading books on the porch rocks! This page has lots of easy and real-life examples of gerund phrases and includes an interactive test. saves a … → Clue. (passive) Having read the book once before makes me more prepared. Gerund as Subject Complement. Do you need help? A/An _____ phrase uses the present participial form of a verb, along with any modifiers, as a noun, serving as a subject, object, or subject complement. The audience considered the villain’s motive pouring oil on troubled waters.. . Eating people is wrong. Flying makes me nervous. Although we’re quite used to hearing these words and phrases from professors, parents, and potentially everyone around us in their everyday conversations and lectures, it’s exciting to see how famous authors use them in writing stories and plays. . → Clue. Hunting lions is dangerous. Like a noun, it can perform different functions in a sentence. 4 Smoking is bad for your health. It seems that 'being' is used in the same way as 'carrying'. This gerund phrase is still singular. Running marathons is my favorite activity. (The other two are participles and infinitives.) Meanwhile, an English gerund phrase is a gerund with modifiers or a complement, all acting together as a noun. . The decision was to extend the deadline by three months. … Gerund: Phrase: Running is my favorite activity. When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle.It is important to understand that they are not the same. Some examples: The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence. 62. (gerund phrase as a subject complement) Carlos really enjoys biking through the mountains. A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include other modifiers and/or objects. Functions in a sentence Because they act like nouns, gerunds can be used as the subject of a sentence, the subject complement of the linking verb be , the object of a preposition, or the object of a verb. I love listening to my favorite band. Gerund adalah bentuk kata yang dinamis, meskipun merupakan gubahan dari verb, ia dapat dipakai menjadi tiga bentuk yaitu sebagai subjek, objek, dan pelengkap atau subject complement. Shopping is an expensive hobby. A. gerund … A to-infinitive clause can be a subject complement after be: My advice is to file a complaint at once. (Reading is identifying the noun "activity.") Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: I look forward to helping you paint the house. Since a gerund often acts as a noun, it takes the place of a noun in a sentence as well, namely as subject, direct object, subject complement, subject of preposition. A gerund phrase can be a subject, subject complement, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition. He gave (going) a lot of consideration. A gerund is one of three classes of words called verbals — words based on verbs and expressing an action or a state of being but serving another grammatical function. . The verbs are italics, and complements are in bold: 2.4.1 Linking Verb Complements Subject Complements: 1. Students often get confused when trying to use gerund subjects because the gerund is often followed by a plural noun. → Clue. Walaupun berfungsi sebagai noun namun masih berperilaku seperti verb ketika berada di dalam frasanya yang disebut gerund phrase, misalnya diikuti direct object jika gerund dibentuk dari transitive verb atau dapat disertai modifier seperti adverb (kata keterangan) dan prepositional phrase.. contoh gerund dan gerund phrase. Using an English Gerund as the Subject of a Sentence. Reference ... As a Subject Complement. Gerunds are -ing words that function as nouns. I find myself being unable to resist sweets. The gerund as the object. Swimming in the pool is fun. . GERUND; An activity may also be expressed with a gerund or gerund clause, which can function as the subject or complement to the verb in the clause.. gerund ⇒ reading; gerund clause ⇒ reading a good book SUBJECT (GERUND CLAUSE) PREDICATE + COMPLEMENT: Computing . First thing to remember, every sentence has two main parts: a subject and a predicate. 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