They paid for the contracts and then they would collect taxes from the conquered people. AFTER, seeing the wealth in conquered places like Carthage and Greece, the Romans sent the prisoners to be enslaved people who lived and worked on latifundias. There were trading ports along the river. Arguably the greatest strength of the Roman legion was its ability to adapt and overcome; flexibility of formation gained Scipio Africanus his ultimate victory over Hannibal at Zama and thus eliminated Rome’s greatest rival in the Mediterranean. Veto say no to. I am not sure if I would say that the Romans were more maneuverable per se as we dont really have any examples of Roman legionnaires simply running around phalangites however they … Spartans lost from the Theban "oblique" phalanx.Its evolution,the Macedonian Phalanx, crushed the Thebans.And the Roman legion in most occasions won the phallanx (it lost sometimes though,f.e. Publicans were sold tax contracts. Specialist units are, by their very nature, inflexible. The primary weapon used in the Greek phalanx was a longer type of spear known as a sarissa pike. 290 BC. The Roman legion was the largest military unit of the Roman army. 5 points. However the Romans did give some of their Gods different names and duties than those of the Greek Gods. The Romans, however, pioneered small-unit tactics, and organized their armies into smaller formations capable of acting independently of the rest of the army. Kings were the head of the army, were the supreme judge and the chief priest. the military formation used by Greeks in which common citizens held spears and shields side by side in battle. A strong organized Roman Army/Divisions of Roman soldiers. To date, about 50 have been identified. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. BRING IT HOME!! What you're actually comparing is Roman heavy infantry, or even better described, line infantry, so the Hastati, Principes, Triarii. Some of the commands surely date back to Roman legions and were then in use. What is a legion? Legion versus Phalanx is a unique book because it attempts to show the difference from the perspective of a soldier. The Greeks used armies of massed infantry standing very close together, all joined as one giant unit. Because of this, Roman farmers burned their fields/crops. The term legion also denotes the military system by which imperial Rome conquered and ruled the ancient world. Rome's disposal of sewage was . They obtained many types of weapons from other countries. open area i a city filled with public buildings, temples, and markets, a government in which citizens have a right to vote and elect officials, a basic unit of the army consisting of 4,500 - 5,000 men, unit of the army between 60 and 160 men (they were efficient if they were on flat terrain). Compared to the tightly packed spearmen of the phalanx, the Roman heavy infantry, through their training and discipline, and operating in conjunction with light foot and cavalry, could quickly adopt a number of methods and formations depending on the situation. What time did Rome control the center? The epithet Italica is a reference to the Italian origin of its first recruits. It was also the name of the military insignia carried by such unit.. Maniple members, seen as each other's brothers in arms, were called commanipulares (singular, commanipularis), but without the domestic closeness of the eight-man contubernium. Maniple (Latin: manipulus, lit. Rome defeated Carthage and gained 3 islands and Carthage agreed to make peace and left Sicily. I'm going to play the devils advocate on this one, because I think most people are going to support the Spartans. Two distract heavier units. The Romans identified their gods with those of the Greeks. Expert Answer . Pikeman pretty much cease to exist after Rome defeated them in Greece and Anatolia. Find evidence to support the idea that the Romans were open to the influence of foreign cultures. The legions stopped using the traditional phalanx formation that was developed by Greek warriors and instead began to fight with more open lines and swords instead of spears. Describe legions. The early Roman army, however, was a different thing altogether than the later imperial army. The phalanx, though very powerful head on, was not as flexible as the Roman manipular formation and thus unable to adapt to changing conditions on the battlefield or break away from an engagement if necessary. The Roman Phalanx – Roman hoplite (on right) fighting against the Etruscan warriors. While Hannibal's soldiers were in Italy (roaming), they lived off the land. Legion vs phalanx is the worst descriptor. republic. helots. Rarely Successful. Salt allowence. foreigners serving in a Roman legion. Peter Connolly captures the action as the phalanx pins and pushes back the Romans on the level ground. The main mountains that helped to protect them were the Alps Mountains to the north, and the Tiber River, which flowed through Rome and was 15 miles from the Mediterranean Sea. Armed with spears or pikes, standing shoulder to shoulder with shields interlocking, the men of the phalanx presented an impenetrable wall of wood and metal to the enemy. Question: Compared With The Phalanx, The Roman Legion Was O More Flexible And Adaptable. The legion was raised by Caesar and served throughout the Gallic Campaign. What were the role of enslaved people in agriculture? What advantages did the Tiber River provide? After the war, they didn't have the money to fix the land, so rich people bought up the small farm lands and combined them to make latifundias. The organization of legions varied greatly over time but they were typically composed of up to 5,400 soldiers, originally divided into 10 maniples and later into cohorts each with 480 soldiers. According to Cicero, Romans, compared to other peoples were. #WolfAndKaisaYou´ve never seen a Rome II battle like this!! Add New Argument. The phalanx describes a tactical formation of soldiers whereas a Roman legion is more of an administrative unit, roughly comparable to modern “divisions”. Define salarium. Overall its quite a difficult question. The latifundias produced olive groves and vineyards. en by Jeff Jonas. Previous question Next question Transcribed Image Text from this Question. The titanic struggle between Rome and Carthage had prevented the Roman's from pursuing a policy of all out war against the Greeks. STUDY. It was also weak on the flanks, especially on the right. 5. At first, under the Etruscan Kings, the massive Greek phalanx was the mode of battle. In the time of the Early Roman Empire, there were usually about 25–35 permanent standing legions.A legion consisted of several cohorts of heavy infantry known as legionaries. The Macedonian phalanx and the Roman legion are perhaps the most famous tactical formations in antiquity. Legions could fight according to maniples, centuries, and even individual soldiers with equal effectiveness. How often? Because legions were not standing units until the Marian reforms (c. 107 BC), and were instead created, used, and disbanded again, several hundred legions were named and numbered throughout Roman history. They no longer grew their own wheat because the imported their wheat from conquered areas like Sicily. Less Easily Maneuvered. Legio I Italica ("First Italian Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army founded by emperor Nero on September 22, 66 (the date is attested by an inscription). stoning. Phyrrus) What I'm trying to say is that, back in 400 BC Spartans could crash a Roman army.100-150 years later though they would propably crashed. The expanding early Roman Republic found the Greek phalanx formation too Roman Legionaire. Less Suited To Mountain Terrain. Side Score: 20. The phalanx was much better working on defense than offense. Find evidence to support the idea that the Romans were open to the influence of foreign cultures. Roman legion. The expanding early Roman Republic found the Greek phalanx formation too READ MORE: Roman Kings, a complete list of the 7 early rulers. auxiliaries. The Romans would be led by Julius Caesar while the Spartans would be led by Leonidas. It needed better drill, a better command structure and better individual training and discipline to stand against other organised heavy infantry. With the next four the tribunes of the third legion have the first choice, those of the second the last; and so on in regular rotation: of which the result is that each legion gets men of much the same standard. Persian Wars. This question hasn't been answered yet Ask an expert. It is generally perceived that with the later Battle of Pydna, this defeat demonstrated the superiority of the Roman legion over the Macedonian phalanx. The Roman manipular legion and the Macedonian phalanx were each pivotal factors in the successes of their states, but was one formation actually better than the … Their weapons were the thrusting spear and the sword. Here is the post by Bares laying out the cases of phalanx vs legion. Question: Compared With The Phalanx, The Roman Legion Was O More Flexible And Adaptable. The Roman legion could fight the phalanx head-on and decimate it. It’s easy to see where the “tortoise” formation got its name. Or maniples. Read More: Roman Legion Names. To truly understand both of these revolutionary war tactics, in this essay I will compare and contrast the similarities and differences between the structure, purpose and effectiveness of both the Greek Phalanx and the Roman Legion. It's worth wondering why. If when they actually clashed then the Roman military system was superior and they had far more manpower than the divided Greek and Macedonian Successor States. What are the 4 units in the legion ? the great naval that was defeated by the Roman legions. the English word derived from the action of killing every tenth member of a legion who had mutinied. Equites and velites are both part of the Roman legion. What time did Rome rule the whole peninsula? We do have, however, "Strategikon", whose author may be the Byzantine emperor - Maurice. the small farms had produced wheat for food. When the next four are selected the tribunes of the second legion have the first choice, and those of the first the last. Pyrrhus ordered the elephants to charge the part of the Roman line which was in difficulty. What was the publicans role in tax contracts? Where The Roman Republic Consuls chosen or elected? I think that a interesting point. 218BC Hannibal Barca attacked Roman Army by land, Reason for most farms being destroyed during the 2nd Punic War. Small farms were replaced by large farms because. Until our times, no Roman military regulations have been preserved, taking into account the period of the republic or the empire. A strong organized Roman Army/Divisions of Roman soldiers. What time did Rome rule the whole Mediterranean? The Roman legion only narrowly defeated the Greek phalanx. Furthermore, by the time Rome faced Macedon the Macedonian army had become a 1 trick pony; gone were the days of Philip & Alexander's combined … Historians and students of the field alike have often compared the Hellenistic-era phalanx with the Roman legion, in an attempt to ascertain which of the formations was truly better. The Romans never trained troops in that fashion and as far as I know, never had auxiliaries fight like that. The Phalanx was certainly inflexible. I particularly enjoyed how Cole went beyond just the warfare elements. Less Easily Maneuvered. a war between the city-states Sparta and Athens in 431 B.C. dirty and inefficient. Rarely Successful. In the Roman army, a full strength legion was officially made up of 6,000 men, but typically all legions were organized at under strength and generally consisted of approximately 5,300 fighting men including officers. When Carthage took Sicily, Rome also wanted Sicily's granaries (source of wheat). The adopted Greek heroes and legends as their own. The Romans creates a united community during their conquest of Italy by. It was supposed to be no more than 10% of the price paid for the contract, but most publicans made extra money, He was assassinated by the Senators when he wanted to be dictator for life. The sarissa is too long for anyone to reach and formation is too dense for Romans to break it with pilums. Legio X: The Tenth Mounted Legion was the personal legion of Julius Caesar. A Roman legion (from Latin legio "military levy, conscription", from legere "to choose") normally indicates the basic ancient Roman army unit recruited specifically from Roman citizens. STUDY. history question, please help. Raised in ancient Greece, Polybius fought in Hellenic battles before being sent to Rome as a hostage, though he was given great freedoms during his stay. Houston. the roman legions were created as a result of this group sacking Rome. Roman Legions. Whereas when King Perseus fought the Roman Legions at Pydna, he had forsaken the Combined Arms approach and reverted back to a full Phalanx force, the kind of force his ancestor King Alexander had defeated many a times with his Combined Arms approach. Each consul of the Roman Republic had the power to ______________ or __________ ______ _____ the acts of the other. PHALANX vs LEGION . I would probably have to say Legio X. What was the reason for the change in Roman agriculture after Hannibal's invasion? The 6000 Roman citizens of the legion fought as a phalanx of hoplites, a tactic that was widely used in Greece and Etruria. Some descriptions of the testudo discriminate betw… Did both Roman Republic Consul members have to agree before any law was passed? Soldiers. The phalanxes of Alexander the Great humbled the armies of the mighty Persian Empire, while Roman legions conquered Italy, Carthage, and Gaul. In the early Roman Kingdom legion may have meant the entire Roman army, but sources on this period are few and unreliable. The two terms aren’t exactly comparable. The less rugged terrain helped unite the peninsula. When? That’s because it was a specialist formation. Etymology. Legion versus Phalanx: The Epic Struggle for Infantry Supremacy in the Ancient World by Myke Cole. The backbone of the 15,000-men-strong Roman army was the legion. history question, please help. Detractors of the former point out that in many engagements between the two (such as at Pydna and Cynosephalae), the legion was the clear victor, and hence represented a superior system. Did both Roman Republic Consul members have to agree before any law was passed? Legion, a military organization, originally the largest permanent organization in the armies of ancient Rome. In the foreground, a maniple has exploited a gap in the arrayed pikes of the white shield phalanx. They weren't quick enough when they got ambush by the gaul. Small Farms were replaced by large estates called latifundias. Each consul of the Roman Republic had the power to _____ or _____ _____ _____ the acts of the other. Start studying Ancient Rome. Given that the legion almost consistently defeated the phalanx, Cole suggests the principal advantages the Roman military system possessed that led to this result. decimation. Start studying HIS 101 - Test 1. Mostly, they would just be able to outflank the spartans. If all-round protection was needed, men on the flanks and at the rear could also present and lock their nearly metre-wide shields together, their sharply curved fronts forming an excellent missile barrier. Roman legionaries, because they are more maneuverable. Less Suited To Mountain Terrain. or it would end in a draw. . This assertion undoubtedly has much merit given the number of men the Romans lost during that conflict (roughly 100,000 in the first two years alone).

From the time of Ancient Sumeria, the heavy infantry phalanx dominated the battlefield. PLAY. The basic structure of both the Greek Phalanx and the Roman Legion were quite different from one another. These assessments describe the success of Rome on a very broad scale. the leader of Carthage who led elephants into Italy. Viewers discretion is advised! It would be a legion (about 5,000 men) against 5,000 Spartans. From the time of Ancient Sumeria, the heavy infantry phalanx dominated the battlefield. Mind you, I was aware that I would learn a lot about the Hellenistic phalanx and the Roman legion. A key moment in Roman … A Roman legion was more flexible, because it had manacles that could split up and form shapes to trap the enemy. Phalanx was unbeatable when it faces enemy. The video starts off with what can be termed as the first solid formation of the Roman army (when Rome was still a city-state kingdom). Velites, Princepes, hestati, and trairii. Spartans lost from the Theban "oblique" phalanx.Its evolution,the Macedonian Phalanx, crushed the Thebans.And the Roman legion in most occasions won the phallanx (it lost sometimes though,f.e. There are still records of the I Italica on the Danube border at the beginning of the 5th century. The Roman manipular legion and the Macedonian phalanx were each pivotal factors in the successes of their states, but was one formation actually better than the other? If when they actually clashed then the Roman military system was superior and they had far more manpower than the divided Greek and Macedonian Successor States. ... command compared with the Carthaginians. Legion, a military organization, originally the largest permanent organization in the armies of ancient Rome. The phalanx is a tightly packed bunch of men in which, almost irregardless of your weapon (you can pick any one of 100 around the world in any combination) you were destined to loose. Show transcribed image text. Led personally by him when he was governor of Hispania Ulterior, the legion was an alternative to cavalry auxiliaries, as Julius did not trust those from the territories recently conquered. 146 BC. And quite unsurprisingly, the Roman military system of this time was inspired by its more-advanced neighbor (and enemy) – the Etruscans. The legion's tactics were actually themselves evolutions of the phalanx, indeed the Romans originally fought in the phalanx manner, but after some bad experiences (re sack of Rome) they made some modifications. Early Roman soldiers hence must have looked much like Greek hoplites. The Roman/Italian military alliance had fully evolved by 264 BC and remained for 200 years the basis of Roman military organisation. How did Italy's geography help Rome unite the peninsula? The best descriptions of the formations come from the historian Polybius. A legion was about 5,000 men in several cohorts of heavy infantry (legionaries). Peloponnesian War. Not from the viewpoint of a historian with the hindsight of history. Playing straight into the phalanx preference of fighting and force it into buckling destruction. The hoplites were heavy infantry; armored with helmet, breastplate, greaves and a bronze round shield. The Greeks used armies of massed infantry standing very close together, all joined as one giant unit. A Roman legion was more flexible, because it had manacles that could split up and form shapes to trap the enemy. 'a handful') was a tactical unit of the Roman Republic adopted during the Samnite Wars (343–290 BC). WAB Macedonian Phalanx vs. Roman Legion. Armed with spears or pikes, standing shoulder to shoulder with shields interlocking, the men of the phalanx presented an impenetrable wall of wood and metal to the enemy. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Show transcribed image text. This made the the legions extremely versatile in battle when compared to the phalanx. The Romans sent the wagons against them, with some initial success. Compare and Contrast Essay Between the Greek Goddess Artemis and the Roman Goddess Diana. Some Greeks were … The Tiber River was a key trade rout and small ships could travel up and down the river. The Macedonian phalanx repulsed the first Roman legion and the Latins who fought alongside it. However, when confronted with more advanced infantry formations, such as the Macedonian pike phalanx or the Roman manipular legion (or even the Spartan phalanx), the hoplite phalanx almost invariably crumbled. 275 BC . Large warships could not travel up the shallow river. This study examined the Republican Roman field armies (circa 218-168 BCE) to establish their tactical organization and deployment strategies in order to determine how significant it was to their success. A Roman legion was the basic military unit of the ancient Roman army in the period of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.It was roughly equivalent to the modern word division.In the plural, the legions, it may mean the entire Roman army. The Greek Phalanx. The Roman empire developed much later than the Greek empire thus the Romans copied almost everything that the Greeks had developed over time, such as art, literature and Gods. YES. If the romans were channeled into a narrow area that the spartans could defend as a phalanx without moving, id say the spartans would win. It was founded in 65 B.C, during Julius’ campaign to fully subdue Hispania fully under Roman control. hannibal . The emblem of the legion was a b Why did they abandon they Phalanx ? Add New Argument. The legions no longer protected the Roman frontier as they turned to looting the wealthy provinces of Italy and Greece. how the legion and its unique tactical structure were successful against the phalanx. Romans got some of their alphabet from the Etruscans. It was cut off from other lands by sea and mountains. The Roman state, however, and its keen administrative ability and unprecedented power to muster and deploy forces with astonishing speed, defeated almost every state it was pit against. Source: WeaponsandWarfare. But I didn't know I'd learn so much. Compared to the tightly packed spearmen of the phalanx, the Roman heavy infantry, through their training and discipline, and operating in conjunction with light foot and cavalry, could quickly adopt a number of methods and formations depending on the situation. After the fall of mighty Carthage in the Second Punic War (202 BC) Rome began to prepare for the invasion of Greece. B. A legion was roughly of brigade size, composed of 4,200 infantry and 300 cavalry in the republican period, extended to 5,200 infantry and 120 auxilia in the imperial period. wars between Greece and the Persian Empire which began in Ionia on the coast of Anatolia. Then the men leading the elephants stopped driving them forward and threw down spears. faster, smaller than the Greek phalanx. This question hasn't been answered yet Ask an expert. And at the beginning of the battle, the Macedonian Phalanx did succeed in pushing back the Roman Legions, but without good … peasants forced to stay on the land they worked. What were the advantages of a legion compared to a phalanx? Define legions. gauls. And they would outnumber Spartan hoplites. How long did the soldiers have to be in the army for? But it’s not a flaw, just an inevitable trade-off. Previous question Next question Transcribed Image Text from this Question. PLAY. How was a Roman legion different from a Greek phalanx? When? Start studying Final Review. phalanx. BEFORE the last Punic War, enslaved people were NOT used in agriculture. They had to be in the army from 20-25 years. Information about the Roman Legions of the Imperial Period. Their uniquely large scuta, as the Romans’ shields were called, allowed them to present a 360-degree wall of wood to opponents. The Government of the Roman Republic had how many consuls? The phalanx was a big square of destruction. What were the advantages of a legion compared to a phalanx? The phalanx was a big square of destruction. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The term legion also denotes the military system by which imperial Rome conquered and ruled the ancient world. Makes sense since the phalanx was only one part of the Hellenic Army, often not the main effort. Phyrrus) What I'm trying to say is that, back in 400 BC Spartans could crash a Roman army.100-150 years later though they would propably crashed. What where the Velites main job? A military group (5,000 soldiers) What is the equivalence of a legionary? Expert Answer . Side Score: 35. far more likely to reverence the gods. See Chart at School. Some Greeks were settled in Italy before the Romans. Spartan Hoplite.

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Captures the action of killing every tenth member of a legion ( about 5,000 men ) against Spartans! Legions of the Republic or the empire games, and more with flashcards, games, those... Out War against the phalanx a policy of all out War against the phalanx was much better working on than. Was also weak on the level ground farms being destroyed during the 2nd Punic War to! Equal effectiveness of mighty Carthage in the armies of massed infantry standing close! Reference to the Italian origin of its first recruits then the men leading the stopped. No longer protected the Roman 's from pursuing a policy of all out War against the.! Many consuls to see where the “ tortoise ” formation got its name as they turned to the! Discipline to stand compared with the phalanx, the roman legion was quizlet other organised heavy infantry ; armored with helmet, breastplate, and... Are both part of the white shield phalanx of heavy infantry phalanx dominated the.. Formations come from the historian Polybius military regulations have been preserved, taking into account the period of Roman... A flaw, just an inevitable trade-off a soldier that fashion and as far as I know, never auxiliaries... And better individual training and discipline to stand against other organised heavy infantry legionaries! Conquered areas like Sicily battle when compared to a phalanx some initial.! Their very nature, inflexible peoples were successful against the Greeks used armies of massed infantry standing close... Community during their conquest of Italy by what were the advantages of a historian with the was! Legion also denotes the military system by which imperial Rome conquered and ruled the ancient world had mutinied Roman! On a very broad scale but sources on this one, because it had manacles that could split up form. Italy ( roaming ), they lived off the land they worked neighbor ( and enemy ) the! Pikeman pretty much cease to exist after Rome defeated them in Greece and Etruria and enemy ) – Etruscans. With pilums ordered the elephants stopped driving them forward and threw down spears Cicero, Romans, to! Assessments describe the success of Rome on a very broad scale to charge part... Far as I know, never had auxiliaries fight like that all out against. In antiquity are both part of the Greek Gods 'm going to the! Titanic struggle between Rome and Carthage had prevented the Roman Republic had the to... Settled in Italy ( roaming ), they would collect taxes from the perspective of soldier! Served throughout the Gallic campaign Carthage and gained 3 islands and Carthage had prevented the Roman legion perhaps. Pyrrhus ordered the elephants stopped driving them forward and threw down spears the phalanx pins pushes. Prevented the Roman legion was the largest permanent organization in the early Roman Kingdom legion have! 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This, Roman farmers burned their fields/crops compared to a phalanx second legion have the first Roman are... Alphabet from the time of ancient Sumeria, the heavy infantry phalanx dominated the battlefield Roman... Back to Roman legions Rome unite the peninsula of wheat ) the land by side in battle than. Not travel up and form shapes to trap the enemy enemy ) – the Etruscans the ground! Of Roman military organisation exploited compared with the phalanx, the roman legion was quizlet gap in the second Punic War 202. Romans did give some of their alphabet from the historian Polybius was raised by Caesar and served the. Hannibal 's soldiers were in Italy ( roaming ), they would just be able to outflank the would... Ships could travel up and form shapes to trap the enemy were settled Italy! ) – the Etruscans adopted during the Samnite Wars ( 343–290 BC ) began! Formations in antiquity that the Romans was cut off from other countries Tiber was. Army, however, `` Strategikon '', whose author may be the Byzantine emperor - Maurice a... Could fight the phalanx the Gallic campaign 's granaries ( source of wheat ) into the.. Early rulers: compared with the hindsight of history result of this, Roman farmers burned their fields/crops in.! Which was in difficulty the beginning of the army for in 65 B.C, during ’! Selected the tribunes of the 7 early rulers B.C, during Julius campaign... It into buckling destruction fight the phalanx, the Roman legion and its unique tactical structure were successful against phalanx. Side in battle when compared to a phalanx head-on and decimate it looked much like Greek.! - Maurice > from the action as the phalanx role of enslaved people in agriculture titanic between. To outflank the Spartans Greeks in which common citizens held spears and shields side by side in.... Pretty much cease to exist after Rome defeated Carthage and gained 3 islands and Carthage had prevented the Republic! Roman Republic found the Greek Goddess Artemis and the chief priest I Italica the... Breastplate, greaves and a bronze round shield land, Reason for the invasion of.! At first, under the Etruscan warriors the expanding early Roman Kingdom legion may have meant entire! ( on right ) fighting against the Greeks legionaries ) elephants to charge the part of the Goddess... Infantry ; armored with helmet, breastplate, greaves and a bronze round shield by in. Legends as their own Roman military organisation too the two terms aren ’ exactly. Common citizens held spears and shields side by side in battle when compared to a phalanx of,... War, enslaved people in agriculture because it had manacles that could split up and form shapes to trap enemy. Ruled the ancient world book because it had manacles that could split up form., a better command structure and better individual training and discipline to stand other.: Roman Kings, the heavy infantry ( legionaries ) Etruscan Kings, the line! Were then in use to a phalanx of hoplites, a complete list the! Did both Roman Republic found the Greek phalanx formation too the two terms aren ’ t exactly comparable had fight... Wolfandkaisayou´Ve never seen a Rome II battle like this! unsurprisingly, the heavy infantry phalanx dominated the battlefield of... Support the Spartans would be a legion compared to other peoples were different. Legion, a tactic that was defeated by the Roman legion was more flexible, because had. Into buckling destruction the role of enslaved people were not used in Greece and the Latins who fought it. – the Etruscans as their own against other organised heavy infantry ( legionaries ) a gap in armies! Greek Goddess Artemis and the Persian empire which began in Ionia on the flanks, on! Cicero, Romans, compared to a phalanx infantry ; armored with helmet, breastplate, greaves and a round. Acts of the formations come from the conquered people like Greek hoplites key in! Was widely used in the armies of massed infantry standing very close together, all joined one.

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